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Author(s): Muhammad Rizal Khaefi and Mellyana Frederika


By 2050, it is expected that nearly 70% percent of the world’s population will live in urban areas. In Southeast Asia, this phenomenon created mega urbans, such as Jabodetabek, Bangkok Metropolitan Region and Metro Manila. These cities are facing many transboundary challenges from water supply, wastewater to transport and environmental protection. Without adequate transport infrastructure, cities suffer the growing congestion on the road and there is a significant economic cost to this. Transportation planning has been using data-driven analysis and modelling analysis to support policy decisions in this issue.