Working with UN Women, UN Global Pulse in Jakarta is helping end violence against women and girls in cities across Indonesia. Results from our After Dark project have been used to improve safety for millions of women who take public transportation at night. The study looked at safety perceptions and mobility patterns of the many women who face long nighttime commutes because they work night shifts in small retail businesses, yet live in the outskirts where housing is cheaper.
Many governments have focused on using technology to improve mobility for women, but we showed that smart cities do not always mean safe cities for women. Researchers conducted in-depth interviews in the capital, Jakarta, and three more of Indonesia’s most populous cities, Medan, Semarang and Surabaya. Researchers asked the women to keep commuting diaries, and later shadowed them on their trips. This provided insights into how infrastructure quality, transportation efficiency, and familiarity with surroundings influenced their perceptions of safety.
The research identified changes that could make the commute safer for women.