More than seven million Venezuelans have fled economic and political turmoil in their country since 2015, with some 400,000 living in Brazil as of 2023. Many Venezuelans regularly cross the border between these countries for economic or family reasons. However, border crossings came to an abrupt halt in early 2020 when COVID restrictions closed the border. Thousands of people had already camped out on the Venezuelan side, waiting to cross, and no one knew how long the border would remain closed – or what might happen when the situation changed.
In anticipation of the border reopening, UN Global Pulse teamed up with UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, to forecast how many people would enter Brazil from Venezuela and how this would affect the need for UNHCR’s shelter system.