Data is a key driver for economic development, but opportunities to benefit from it are unequally distributed. As we look towards the future of data governance, we must consider how different futures might emerge and how we can prepare for them. We developed four scenarios exploring the future of data governance in 2050 to support the High-level Committee of Programs (HLCP) working on digital public goods. The aim is to mitigate global risks, identify opportunities, and highlight the costs of inaction for the international community. The scenarios were developed through a highly consultative and participatory process, including expert interviews, a global survey and a foresight workshop during the Dubai Futures Forum 2022.